How to Avoid Viruses and Malware

onlinesecurityComputers are increasingly becoming commonplace and necessary. People rely on computer technology for a plethora of activities that include personal communication, banking, shopping, employment, entertainment, etc. But with the proliferation of computers comes the risk of your computer being infected with malicious software. The malicious software can erase, alter, or steal crucial data. Therefore, it is necessary that proper measures are mounted to curb the runaway menace of computer virus and malware infections.

The first line of defense to cushion against viruses and malware infections is the installation and running of anti-virus software. It is unfortunate that most people forget that there is more to it than just loading the software. For optimum security, you’ll need to ensure that the definition databases are updated. You ought to run manual and automated virus scans regularly as well so as to know exactly when you are under a virus or malware attack.

Another type of program that’s another great way to protect your computer and data is a malware removal software program.  These will remove malware, adware, and other annoying software programs that bypass the antivirus software because…they’re not viruses.  Malware tends to be different from viruses, and the antivirus software may not get everything.  One of the most safe and effective malware removal tools is Spyhunter 4.

You should also ensure that your operating system features a firewall. A firewall augments the effectiveness of your anti-virus software, and because it filters data that goes in and out of the computer, the firewall can act as an extra, strong bulwark protecting your computer against virus and malware threats from the outside world.

You should adjust the browser’s security settings so as to improve its ability to forestall unwelcome intrusions. But you must always keep the operating system updated so as to keep the security settings finely tuned to protect against the latest forms of threats. Be always in the loop of new computer threats. And in case you hear there is a new anti-malware software from a legitimate source, then update the security software to make sure the particular threat is well covered.

One of the common ways people’s computers contract viruses and malware is through the download of infected files. Therefore, always ensure you are downloading clean files, and the best way to go about this is to use only sites that have their files pre-screened before being available for download. But if you have a good security software, it will scan the files before they are loaded onto your computer.

Email attachments are culprits too when it comes to infecting computers with viruses and malware. If there is an email attachment from an unknown or suspicious source, give it a wide berth. But that is not to assume that email attachments whose senders you know, are safe and free of viruses and malware threats. Even when you know the sender, it is very possible that the sender did not take sufficient steps to ensure their attachment was free of virus or malware before sending the attachment to you. Therefore, if you’ve a gut feeling that the owner probably didn’t intend to send the attachment, ask them to ascertain that they really meant to send the attachment. Thankfully, there are a host of anti-virus software that can scan the attachments and neutralize any threats before they infect your system.

To wrap up, be careful whenever you are loading external media such as flash disks. Always scan them first. Also, know who is using a computer in your network. And when using social networking sites such as Facebook, give a wide berth to links that look suspicious.